Roanoke colony

The Roanoke Island

In 1584 Sir Walter Raleigh was given the permission from Queen Elizabeth I to establish a permanent English settlement in North America. Raleigh himself was more interested in searching for legendary El Dorado in South America, but his charter from queen was obliging him to start a colony in North America.

On arrival of the expedition the British managed to establish relations with the local natives (the Secotans and Croatoans) and despite incident in which the Indian village was burnt (because the Indians supposedly stole silver cup), second expedition in 1585 led by Sir Richard Grenville, disembark 108 colonists to establish colony on the northern side of the Roanoke Island.

The supplies of food were low, land not really suitable for growing food and the contacts with native tribes were rough resulting with attacks on the colony. Grenville decided to return to England and prepare another expedition that would help establish the colony. He left behind only a small group of men to keep up the claim to the land and left for England.

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